发现社会

所属分类:社会学  
出版时间:2008-12   出版时间:北京大学出版社   作者:(美)柯林斯,(美)马科夫斯基 著   页数:267  
Tag标签:社会学,社会理论  

前言

  媒介是神奇的,社会也是神奇的,媒介与社会的耦合生产出无限的神奇。从涂尔干《宗教生活的基本形式》关于“社会”与唤起社会意识的符号与仪式共生的理论来看,媒介使社会显得神奇的过程也造就了自身的神奇。  人类在现代大众传播成为现实之前对于“神奇”的感知是经由巫师及其巫术的转化来实现的。澳洲土著在图腾舞蹈的狂热中感受到超个人的社会力量的存在。满身披挂的萨满用舞蹈和神歌请灵降神,让已经消逝的显露原形,让凡人通常不可见的显现真身,让千山万水之遥的即刻大驾光临。借助巫术,时间和空间的障碍可以暂时克服,过去的、未来的都可以在现实中出现,墓室中的、仙山上的都可以召唤到面前。  这些神奇经验在现当代越来越彻底地被大众媒介所造就,电视、网络等图像传输技术在其中发挥着关键作用。大人物像变戏法一样总跑到百姓居室内高谈阅论,历史的亡灵在荧屏上招之即来,挥之即去。媒介使常人具有千里眼、顺风耳,看见那原本遥不可见的,听清那从前根本就听不到的。媒介是神奇的,它在社会中的运行有如巫术。几百年的现代化对世界“祛魅”,结果我们看到人类社会所集聚的全部的“魅”都汇聚于媒介,并被媒介无限放大。  长期耳濡目染,媒介的神奇人们已经习以为常了,就像前现代的人对巫术习以为常一样。但是,这个过程一直都是知识界探讨的课题。现代大众媒介的各种新形式从一开始出现的时候就会被知识界作为新事物加以关注。从较早的照相、无线电广播到电影、电视,再到近年的新媒介传播,关于大众传媒研究、文化研究、虚拟社会研究的知识生产就一直紧随媒介发展的步伐。媒介研究在发达国家已经形成庞大的群体和细密的分工,这个群体既能够追逐传播领域的新事物,也能够通过专业的眼光让人们习以为常的许多方面显出怪异来,从而引发众人的注意和分析的兴趣。我们国内的媒介研究在这两个方向上都需要培育自己的能力。  依靠现代大众媒介运行的社会是一种机制极其不同的社会,中国社会正在越来越深地涉入其中。

内容概要

对于19、20世纪卷帙浩繁的社会理论的梳理,不啻为一项艰苦而艰巨的工作。呈现在读者面前的这本书出色地展现了其著作者广博的知识、精湛的写作技巧和清晰的思路。本书选取了19世纪以来卓越的社会理论家,以他们对社会发展的突破性的思想贡献,在作者巧妙的构思下,连成一条新的意识变迁的长河。

作者简介

兰德尔·柯林斯,现为美国宾夕法尼亚大学社会学教授,研究领域为社会学理论、宏观社会学和社会冲突等。他曾出版有《暴力:一种微观社会学理论》(2008)、《互动仪式链》(2004)、《新经济社会学》(2002合著)。

书籍目录

PREFACE
INTRODUCTION
SOCIETY
AND
ILLUSIONChapter
1
The
Prophets
of
Paris:
Saint-Simon
and
ComteChapter
2
The
Last
Gentleman:
Alexis
de
TocquevilleChapter
3
Nietzsche's
MadnessChapter
4
Do-Gooders,
Evolutionists,
and
RacistsChapter
5
Dreyfus's
Empire:
Emile
DurkheimChapter
6
Max
Weber:
The
Disenchantment
of
the
WorldChapter
7
Sigmund
Freud:
Conquistador
of
the
IrrationalChapter
8
The
Discovery
of
the
Invisible
World:
Simmel,
Cooley,
and
MeadChapter
9
.The
Discovery
of
the
Ordinary
World:
Thomas,
Park,
and
the
Chicago
SchoolChapter
10
The
Emergence
of
African-American
Sociology:
Du
Bois,
Frazier,
Drake,
and
CaytonChapter
11
The
Construction
of
the
Social
System:
Pareto
and
ParsonsChapter
12
Hitler's
Shadow:
Michels,
Mannheim,
and
MillsChapter
13
Erving
Goffman
and
the
Theater
of
Social
EncountersChapter
14
Cultural
Capital,
Revolution,
and
the
World-System:
The
Theories
of
Pierre
Bourdieu,
Theda
Skocpol,
and
Immanuel
WaUersteinChapter
15
From
the
Code
of
the
Street
to
the
Social
Structure
of
Right
and
Wrong:
The
Sociology
of
Elijah
Anderson
and
Donald
Black

章节摘录

  It
was
not
the
Revolution
that
destroyed
the
decentralized
institutions
of
France,
Tocqueville
found,
contrary
to
what
most
conservatives
held.
Rather,
it
had
been
the
French
kings
themselves.
Back
in
the
Middle
Ages
Tocqueville
class,
the
aristocracy,
had
jealously
guarded
their
independence
from
the
king.
Parliaments
and
independent
courts
had
been
created
by
coalitions
of
nobles
as
a
balance
of
power
to
resist
the
control
of
the
king.
Such
institutions
had
existed
all
over
Europe,
even
in
Russia
and
Spain.
The
kings
counterattacked
and
managed
to
destroy
the
power
of
the
aristocrats
by
creating
a
royal
bureaucracy,
into
which
the
courts
were
incorporated
as
subordinate
agencies.
The
aristocrats
were
made
royal
officials,
and
their
representative
institutions
were
reduced
to
virtually
nothing.  This
process
went
furthest
in
Russia
and
the
East
and
least
far
in
England.
In
England,
in
fact,
the
courts
and
lawyers
remained
almost
totally
independent,
and
parliament
won
the
final
struggle
with
the
king
in
the
seventeenth-
century
revolution
led
by
Oliver
Cromwell.
In
France
the
struggle
went
on
the
longest.
There
the
king
built
a
mighty
bureaucracy,
but
the
aristocracy
still
held
many
powers,
and
the
showdown
did
not
come
until
the
end
of
the
eighteenth
century,
when
a
new
commercial
era
had
accentuated
the
trend
to
equality
and
created
the
massed
population
of
Paris
that
would
prove
so
important
in
French
politics.
The
inefficiency
of
the
French
regime,
balanced
between
an
autocratic
king
and
a
parasitic
aristocracy,
led
to
the
government
financial
crisis
of
1789.
In
the
temporary
government
deadlock
the
floodgates
broke,
and
the
masses
at-
tacked.
The
spirit
of
equality
had
been
unleashed
by
the
leveling
bureaucracy
and
the
growth
of
commerce,
and
the
aristocrats
who
lived
on
with
their
old
privileges
but
without
their
old
powers
and
functions
were
to
feel
the
vent
of
its
fury.
In
the
end
the
main
effect
of
the
Revolution
was
to
strengthen
and
stream-
line
the
central
government,
something
that
could
not
be
done
as
long
as
the
aristocrats
stood
in
the
way.
The
Revolution
merely
consolidated
the
structure
the
kings
had
labored
to
create.  This
account
sharpens
the
irony
of
America
in
world
perspective.
The
United
States
has
the
most
protection
against
the
instabilities
of
modern
mass
society
because
it
derives
its
institutions
especially
its
decentralized
courts
and
local
governments——from
the
early
period
of
British
history.
The
colonists
of
the
seventeenth
century
who
founded
American
society
were
from
the
conservative,
minor
aristocracy
of
England,
and
they
brought
with
them
the
institutions
of
decentralized
feudal
control.
America
thus
escaped
even
from
what
centralization
the
English
kings
had
managed
to
carry
out.
The
United
States,
far
from
epitomizing
the
new
era
of
politics,
has
come
to
have
one
of
the
oldest
government
forms
in
the
world.

图书封面

图书标签Tags

社会学,社会理论


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用户评论 (总计20条)

 
 

  •     书很厚,书还是书
  •     概念清晰,翻译的真好
  •     很高深,本人正在阅读中。。。。
  •     大师经典。,喜欢社会学的童鞋可以买这本书看看
  •     解深入浅出,上课时用的
  •     还没看呢,枕边读物
  •     排版很烂,谢谢!
  •     书还是很棒的,和自己预期的有点出入
  •     大师的巨著,我很喜欢着本书
  •     考研要用的,很适合本专业人来阅读。
  •     对于理解权力的运作以及每个人的社会存在都大有裨益。,这本书上课用的
  •     正在阅读中。,其实评论不用还分标题和内容的。。。
  •     一套值得买的现代理论著作,没有给人塌实的感觉。
  •     我看的扫描版错字奇多,很有意思的一个分析
  •     其他都不错,值得看看!
  •     强烈推荐啊。读后受益匪浅,社会学和哲学研究必备的
  •     站在科学的立场,考研参考书
  •     非常重要的学术经典,尤其是学习批判理论的
  •     这个好歹得研究下,学习马列主义必备的工具书
  •     应该不错哦,社会学研究需要读的
 

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